Legend of Wendigo: Indigenous Wisdom for the Modern Day

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Wendigo (English translation of Ojibwe word wiindigoo) Cree language: wihtikow or wetiko. There are 21 other spellings of the name. The term is from the Proto-Algonquian family of languages. These First Nation tribes that carry the story of Wendigo inhabit the cold North American territories of Eastern Canada, the Plains region of the United States and the Great Lakes region of both the United States and Canada.

The story of Wendigo is often told during times of famine and starvation. It is a reminder that cannibalism, in particular, is wrong and evil in the eyes of the people. Historically, many indigenous tribes name themselves in their own language as “the people” to define themselves as different from the buffalo, bear, or other animals. Through generations of retelling, stories remain relevant when they are able to convey the social mores (aka values) of a people when dealing with adversity. While cannibalism has ceased to be a pressing concern for modern people, these stories are given new life in the hands of respected storytellers. The story of Wendigo now expresses a shared concern for a new metamorphosis of cannibalism in the form of greed, filth, and malevolence itself.

Original Story elements:

Wendigo is an anthropomorphic giant that uses treetops as snowshoes and eats humans. At other times Wendigo are humans inhabited by the Wendigo spirit and partake in cannibalism. Both the anthropomorphic giant and the human Wendigo share characteristic traits of being emaciated, skin and bones, their fate is to always crave more flesh and never be sated. They can grow in size by how much they have eaten but never fill full.

This last part is important as we consider the allegory of Wendigo, to have so much and never be satisfied, never be content or feel full. Now in modern North America where so few of us are like to die of starvation the parable takes on a new meaning when we think about greed. I think about Wendigo often. As a modern storyteller, I view the story of Wendigo a gift and a warning from the Proto-Algonquian speaking tribes. What more could we have learned if Colonialism and Manifest Destiny had not prompted my White ancestors to massacre, oppress, and enslave “the people” of so many tribes. Some North American tribes are extinct. We will never know their language or their stories.

Personally, I see Wendigo as a disease of greed that spreads through developed nations. We let people die for profit. We turn a blind eye, we redline or bar them from certain public spaces in society. It is not profitable to simply be a good person. The Millionaires and Billionaires of our nations became what they are at the expense of other people and once shared natural resources. When they finally have earned so much money as to become social elites, then they chose to donate back some of their wealth, and we’re all supposed to be grateful.

I distinctly remember sitting in a mall food court looking at the classified ads and being alarmed that there were several job postings for sociologists and psychologists to join advertising and marketing agencies. The idea of it made me sick to my stomach. I felt like any sociologist or psychologist that accepts such a position is committing an act of betrayal. Shouldn’t those of us that study the operations of society and the mind itself be required to take the Hippocratic Oath to, “do no harm?” Human psychology has become weaponized for the sake of selling products and services. Welcome to the world of Neuromarketing.

The language of advertising has changed over the years from “You should buy this product because it has x, y , z features.” to “You deserve to have this fine product because you work hard and your money and time is important.”

We also like a good deal. We like to feel like we’re savvy shoppers that know how to get a good bargain. It’s common in American supermarkets to see yellow tags calling out these bargains. The tag might read something like “2/$6.00” or “Buy 2 get 1 Free”. Because of the rise in current inflation one of the stores I shop at now regularly offers bargains of “Buy 4, Get 1 free”. I feed a family of three. I really don’t need five boxes of macaroni and cheese! Unless I’m rotating my disaster preparedness food supplies, I rarely need five of anything.

These “bargains” stay around month after month. If you find yourself increasing your portion sizes and buying more you aren’t really saving money. This also increase pressure on the food system and the workers involved in making the product to produce more. We find ourselves stuck in a cycle; our food portion sizes become bigger, our waistlines become bigger and eventually we become depressed and sometimes, we eat more because we are depressed and then we start running into health problems related to obesity and then we become customers for diet aids, diet apps, ubiquitous “healthy food” alternatives, books, podcasts and whatever else because our frustration grows and now we’re hungry for solutions, for acceptance, and validation and the advertisers answer are calls.

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I’ve been trapped in this cycle myself for decades. I have clothes in three sizes for when I’ve lost some weight, for when I’ve gained some weight, but mostly I stay somewhere in the middle of the two. I save a lot of money by the mere fact that I hate to shop for anything, but also because I remember when I was poor. I grew up during a recession, we didn’t have a lot of food, but we were able to hunt and fish for our meals. Later as a young adult in the city and on my own I often had to skip meals to pay rent. I was stuck in low wage jobs, sometimes working two or three jobs in an effort to get enough money to save some of it. It took me nine years, but I got a bachelor’s degrees with only $10k in student loans. At my most desperate I was eating one small meal a day, every other day.

 No one talks about hunger in America as an individual. It’s something to be ashamed of and you’re not supposed to admit that you’ve been there. It’s something that happens to other people. It’s often only talked about in broad terms. I’m not embarrassed though. I’ve got nothing to lose in admitting that I have been there. One time I was so hungry I went to McDonald’s hoping to take three ketchup packets to eat for the day. I just wanted a few calories. I just needed to get through one more day before I could get my paycheck. There were no ketchup packets for me to take though, because I was in a McDonald’s in a poor part of town where there were a lot of homeless people, and they didn’t want the homeless people taking all the ketchup packets. I cried walking home, salt tears I could barely afford to give. There was nothing else to do but curl up on my mattress on the floor and wait for the next day.

I carry the trauma of never wanting to be so desperately poor again. Some people in America who have never been are aware that it could happen to them and the thought alone terrifies them into certain behavior patterns. Both the fear of not knowing and the fear of going back can be harmful in their own ways. So we eat and eat. We wear fat on our bodies and never feel full. We are diseased like humans with the Wendigo spirit, starving for something to make us feel full and yet we continue to feel empty.

We search for fullness in food and we search for fullness in “stuff” like home furnishings, books, clothes or whatever. We let ourselves be convinced that we need to be upgraded to the latest and greatest phone, car or tv, because gosh darn it, we deserve it. The answer is not in “stuff”, its within us, within our connections to other people and an appreciation for the grand scale of nature itself.

Let me sell you hope for the low, low cost of free.

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We can take a walk within nature and not be judged. The bees don’t care about skin color. The trees don’t care about the way you walk, and the birds don’t care if you have a speech impairment. None of them know the difference between an attractive human and an ugly human. Be not judged by superficial artifacts, but by spirit. Be kind to yourself and to others, not because it sounds like a nice Hippie bumper sticker, but because if you deserve anything, it’s to be accepted for who you are and not for the profits you can bring to a company or its advertisers. Wendigo. When is enough ever enough?

Many cultures and religions have stories about the dangers of greed. What other stories come to mind on the topic of Greed?

8 thoughts on “Legend of Wendigo: Indigenous Wisdom for the Modern Day

  1. Hi Melanie, Thanks for making this connection between the Wendigo and greed. The greed and the mindless consumption of food. There are so many ways to continue this conversation. The first thing I think of is the Realm of the Hungry Ghost from Buddhist traditions. Then there is the contemplation that food can be a way of self-medication for unresolved trauma or depression. Then we can come back to greed and greed as being an attempt to bring happiness through the gathering of stuff. I also hear you about that underlying concern about not having enough to survive. That is a real. Thanks for sharing.

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Thank you for your comment, Mark! Yes, so much of this is interwoven like a spider’s web. I often feel the best way to approach big, interconnected subjects is to stick to one thread for a cohesive thought. There is often a lot that gets left unsaid, the reader takes what they want of it.

      Liked by 2 people

    1. Exactly! They don’t care if they talk someone into buying something they can’t afford. They help manipulate the person’s rationalization defense against the person’s better judgment. This is what weaponizing psychology looks like.

      Liked by 2 people

  2. ‘Personally, I see Wendigo as a disease of greed that spreads through developed nations. We let people die for profit.’
    Very interested to discover that the wendigo has a mythological existence outside of the X Files so you’ve sent me down a rabbit hole. Thanks so much.

    Liked by 2 people

  3. The Royal Spanish Academy (RAE in Spanish) describes greed as “excessive eagerness” or “vehement desire” for “wealth” or “good things”. Greed demands, wants more than is necessary. Much more.

    In the Catholic Church, greed is one of the seven deadly sins. In our current society, the desire to always achieve more is seen as a necessary virtue to defend oneself in the job market or in a football game.
    People want knowledge, development, success, but also love, recognition and friendship.

    The Uruguayan writer Eduardo Galeano once wrote: “We Latin Americans are poor because the soil we walk on is rich” in his book: Open veins of Latin America (1973).

    A book that became the bible of the left-wing generation that came to power in the area at the beginning of the 21st century (read Lula, Evo Morales, Rafael Correa or Hugo Chávez). In his book, Galeano was referring to what is often called the curse of raw materials in the sense that they aroused colonialist greed and relentless plundering of natural resources over centuries, first by colonial powers and then by multinationals.

    Now a British journalist, Andy Robinson (Liverpool, 1970), has made many of the same trips that Galeano made half a century ago (Potosí, Minas Gerais, Zacatecas, etc.) to analyze the current situation of raw materials in America America and see if things have changed.

    But Wendigo is never full, and the greed continues. Andy Robinson published the book Oro, Petróleo y Aguacates: Las Nuevas Venas Abiertas de América Latina (Gold, Oil and Avocados: The New Open Veins of Latin America) to keep making a call to heal us, to show the exploitation of the lands that have not stopped bleeding.

    Read *in Spanish:

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks, Patricia! I remember hearing about the exploitation of Avocados a couple of years as part of a documentary, but I don’t remember which one it was. Thank you for all this information to chew on!


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